The largest Bulgarian cities

Bulgaria can be a great attraction for a visitor. Polish tourists and patients know it well. There, who haven't been there yet, they will find out, that the Bulgarians are friendly and obliging, and despite financial problems, they have been grappling with since the political changes, still hospitable in Slavic. Bulgaria is a safe country, you can see a lot there, and the prices are affordable. Its territory, unlike the dry and barren landscape of Greece, it is extremely varied. Rila mountain ranges, Nature lovers will be delighted by the Pirin and Rhodope Mountains and the Black Sea coast.

In recent years, individual tourism to this country has become much easier. The heyday of private hotels, restaurants and tourist services made it, that the interest of visitors is constantly increasing. Sometimes the bureaucracy can be a bit frustrating, but most Bulgarians will do anything, to make it easier for tourists to stay in their country.

There are many arguments for this, to visit this charming corner of Europe right now. Such a trip is a good opportunity for cost-conscious tourists, and those looking for old hiking trails, historical cities, churches and monasteries or sunny and sandy beaches.

The largest Bulgarian cities.

1. Sofia
That is the capital of Bulgaria, in which he lives approx 1,3 million people. In terms of area, it is only slightly smaller than Warsaw, in terms of population, it is inhabited by more than two times less people.

Originally Sofia's name was Serdyka and it was a Thracian settlement. In antiquity and the Middle Ages, it changed hands many times, changing its name.

Initially, Serdyka, later Ulipa Sernica (during the reign of the Romans), then Triadica (the city was demolished by the Huns, it got a new name after it was rebuilt by Emperor Justinian), later Sredec (under Khan Krum), finally in 1376 year became Sofia. Sofia is the capital of Bulgaria since 1879 year.

A good summary of Sofia is her motto: "develops, but not getting old ". Sofia is a city full of monuments, and at the same time rapidly developing financial, cultural and scientific center of Bulgaria, often visited by both tourists and businessmen.

Sofia is located in the western part of Bulgaria, at the foot of the Witoszy mountain range, one of the tourist symbols of Sofia and the center of winter sports.

Sofia is a partner city of Warsaw.

2. Plovdiv
The first traces of the existence of Plovdiv lead to the resulting settlements 4000 years BC. In antiquity, the city was the center of the Thracian Province of the Roman Empire. Lukian z Samosat, rzymski rhetoric, He then called them "the largest and most beautiful of all cities, whose beauty shines from afar ".

Currently inhabited by approx 380 thousand people Plovdiv is not only one of the oldest cities in Bulgaria, but also an important communication junction - the city is a rail and road junction, it also has an international airport.

Plovdiv is the cultural center of central Bulgaria. Among the monuments there are, among others, ancient theaters, the remains of medieval fortifications or the Ottoman baths and churches.

Plovdiv is a partner city of Poznań.

3. Color
Located in the northeastern part of the country on the Black Sea, Varna is often called the summer capital of Bulgaria. It is the most important Bulgarian port, an economic and scientific center and a holiday destination popular among tourists. The city also has an international airport.

The first settlements around Varna date back to 100 thousand years BC. About 600 years BC. the Greek colony of Odessos was established on the site of the settlement.

The colony was taken over by the Roman Empire, and then through the Byzantine Empire. In the 6th or 7th century AD. the city was destroyed by the Slavs. The city was later rebuilt and at that time it was given the name "Varna".

Color, just like Sofia, it changed hands many times. She was part of the Bulgarian state, Byzantium and the Ottoman Empire. From 1878 year is within Bulgaria. Varna currently has approx 360 thousand inhabitants.

For tourists from Poland, the must-see is to visit the famous battlefield of 1444 year, where Władysław III of Varna led the Polish-Hungarian army against Turkish troops.

4. Burgas
Situated in the southeastern part of Bulgaria on the Black Sea Bay of Burgas, Burgas is an important industrial center, communication and tourist.

The international airport close to the city is especially active in summer, when the Bulgarian Riviera is visited by crowds of tourists from all over Europe.

Burgas was originally called Pirgos and was a Sozopol lookout point. The vantage point later became a small fortress and was taken over by the Romans. It was not until the 17th century that it began to develop into a city around the fortress. It was then that the city was given the name Burgas.

Numbering approx 190 With thousands of inhabitants, Burgas is now one of the most important ports and tourist centers in the region. From Burgas it is easy to reach the distant approx 35 kilometers of the city of Nessebar and the most popular resort in Bulgaria, Sunny Beach.

5. Russian
Russian, bordering Romania, located in the north-eastern part of the city on the Danube, with a population of approx 165 with thousands of inhabitants, the city is not only a large industrial center, but also the most important river port in the country, important for the Bulgarian economy. The city also has its own domestic airport.

Ruse was founded around 2000-3000 BC. Later it became part of Thrace and a Roman military center. Ruse was part of the second Bulgarian state, and then became part of the Ottoman Empire. W 1878 year became part of Bulgaria.

The city is known for its well-kept monuments from the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Friendship Bridge connects Bulgarian Ruse with Romanian Giurgiu.

Measuring 204 meters the Ruse TV Tower is one of the tallest buildings in the Balkan Peninsula. On the height 107 meters there is a vantage point, which overlooks Ruse, The Danube and the Romanian city of Giurgiu on the other side of the Danube.