Color, the largest Bulgarian port on the Black Sea, is the summer capital of the country. Her story begins in 585 r. p.n.e., when Hellenic displaced people from Miletus founded their Odessos here. Then the Thracians captured it, a w 15 r. neither. it flourished as a city under Roman rule. In the Middle Ages it entered the sphere of Byzantine influence, it's Bulgarians again, but it did not adversely affect its development. W 1393 r. The Turks conquered the city and made it the northern bastion of their empire. W 1444 r. Polish-Hungarian king, Władysław III of Varna was killed in battle during the crusade against the Turkish expansion. After the Crimean War (1853-1856) The Turks allowed their allies, Britain and France, to sell products to the Ottoman Empire and Varna has become a major commercial center. W 1866 r. the railway has come here from Ruse, thus opening a direct route between the Danube and the Black Sea. After World War II, a large part of Bulgaria's trade with the USSR went through the port of Varna.
In recent years, Varna has turned into a creation, which should be described as a beach resort with extensive parks, museums, historical objects, accommodation base, restaurants, theaters and crowded promenades. The city is marked with names written in the Latin alphabet. It is an agglomeration with a very specific atmosphere, situated in a bay surrounded by hills which give the area a very scenic character. Industrial buildings, as well as a large chemical factory and a steel plant, are located in the western part of the city. Varna is a very good place for a few days beach lazing.
The bus and train stations are on the opposite sides of the city, a bus runs between them #1, #22 and #41. South of the city center there is a marina,- you can walk there from the train station. The entire area to the northeast of the marina is taken by the beach, and the area to the west is a commercial port. Luggage storage at the railway station is open daily from. 6.00-22.00 (500 lions). Luggage storage is available at the bus station every day from. 6.30-18.30, it is located near the platform, in front of the bus terminals, near the men's toilet.
To walk to the city center from the train station, you should go along ul. Cara Symeona do ul. Nezawisimost. From here, the wide promenade of Kniaz Boris I runs to the east. North-west of ul. Nezawisimost is the main intersection; from here to the northwest, towards the bus station and the airport, runs the Władysław Warneńczyk boulevard. Just west of Varnenskej Komuny square, on the canal of the Gulf of Varna, connecting Warnensko ezero (Varna Lake) with the Black Sea, there is the Asparucha Bridge.
In summer, there are a lot of pickpockets among the crowds at Kniazia Boris I or Nezawisimost, currency traders, begging and child stealing, and other thieves. You can protect yourself from them, with due attention and after the growth – being aware of their presence.
Balkantourist office service, Musala 3, serves with maps, information, makes room reservations and international bus tickets.
CM '92 travel agency, na Cara Simeona 36b, it's an office, where you can find helpful information and make the necessary reservations.
The office of the Bulgarian Motor Union is located in Sofia 28, near the train station.
Money – Excess of exchange offices in Varna means, that you can change money here at favorable rates. First East International Bank (working days: 9.00-16.00, sb.: 9.00- 13.00), of Prince Boris I, opposite the Musała Hotel, gets 4% commission for the purchase of traveler's checks.
There is an ATM in the square in front of the Festival Center.
Post and telecommunications – Long distance calls can be made from the main post office, and Syborni 36 (open daily, 7.00-23.00).
Travel agencies – Rila office, at ul. Presław 13, sells tickets for international rail connections.
Balkantourist, Musala 3, offers daily tickets, private buses to Sofia (4700 lions), to Veliko Tarnovo (3520 lions) and for overnight connections to Istanbul (22 $).
Public toilets – Public toilets are in the park opposite the Musała hotel.
There are two Roman baths in the city. Newer, on ul. Primorsko, it is located between the railway station and the sea terminal. On the first floor of the City Historical Museum, at 8 November 3, you can see Varna – pre-war seaside resort. The Roman baths are much more interesting and better preserved (II w.) next to Chan Krum, north of the Historical Museum, then left. There is also a beautiful Orthodox church of St.. Anastasiosa (1602 r.).
Walking eastwards from the Roman baths along Grafa Ignatiewa Street, you reach Primorski Park. It houses the Maritime Museum, and a dolphinarium nearby (1911 r.). There is a wonderful beach in the vicinity of the park, very busy in summer.
You can walk to Hotel Odessa through gardens, and hence, heading northwest, along Sliwnica Street to the largest museum of Varna, Museum of Flistory and Art at ul. Mary Louise 41. On the ground floor of this neo-renaissance building, which used to be a junior high school for girls, is the Archaeological Museum. There is an excavated under the floor of the ruins of a basilica from the 6th century. golden, reliquary decorated with precious stones, which was in the silver reliquary, and this one, in turn, in alabaster. Most of the exhibitions are described only in Bulgarian. The museum houses collections from the period of the first traces of people's presence to the conquest by the Turks (there is also a great collection of icons).
East of the museum, at the intersection of Marija Luiza and Nezawisimost, you can see the Orthodox Church of the Mother of God (1886), town hall, the reddish building of the Opera House (1921) and other monuments.
Between this square and the train station, at Panagiurishte 22, houses the Ethnographic Museum. It presents a large collection of folk art and household appliances in the style of the Bulgarian National Revival.
Varna's many museums and archaeological sites are open from Tuesday to Sunday, in hours. 10.00-17.00.
South of Varna there is the Pobitite Kamyni rock reserve, with extraordinary creations of nature. On the rocky ground, there are tree trunks approx 5 and in diameter 3 meters. They are layers of limestone, fossilized remains of marine fauna, which, due to tectonic movements, were pushed upwards from the seabed, and then eroded.
Calendar of events
Being in Varna from mid-June to mid-July, check the program of the Varna Summer Festival, during which great music events are organized. In the opera house or in the open air, in the Seaside Gardens, you can watch ballet and opera performances. In the church of St.. Anastasiosa, chamber music concerts are played, theater performances can be seen in the Roman Baths, and in the halls of the ultra-modern Festival Center (1986) to Sliwnica, opposite the Odessa hotel, listen to concerts.