Russian, the largest Bulgarian port on the Danube, it is an entrance gate into the country. Russian and Bulgarian river ships moor here. Trains to and from Bucharest stop at the local train station. The two-level Friendship Bridge (1954 r.), 6 km downstream, connects Ruse with the Romanian city of Giurgiu. This massive one, steel structure, being the longest road and rail bridge in Europe, thanks to the movable central span, it allows river traffic even at elevated water levels. The name of the bridge may seem a little ironic, given the fact, that current Bulgarian-Romanian relations remain far from friendly, and the chlorine and sodium factories on the Romanian side are poisoning the environment in the Ruse area. Let's add, that in this long friendship (2220 m), except the Soviet people, Romanians and Czechs, our “Mostostal”.
There are parks and promenades along the Danube, dotted with monuments commemorating the regaining of independence in 1878 i 1944 r.. Having free time, it is worth visiting these parts of the city.
Built on the site of a Thracian settlement, St. 70 r. roman fortress, sixty Prista (60 ships), it was part of the Danube defense line (Roman defensive line along the south bank of the Danube). Despite the fortifications, what city gained during the reign of Emperor Justinian in the 6th century, it was finally demolished during the barbarian invasion in the 7th century.
W IX w., 30 km south, in a convenient bend of the Czerni Łom River, Proto-Bulgarians built the city of Czerwen. Soon six churches were built there, city walls, and stronghold. The five-storey tower has survived to our times, walls of the church and fragments of the fortress. After the Turkish conquest, the 1388 r. Czerwen was depopulated.
The Turks built and fortified the city of Ruszczuk (Russian). W 1811 r. the city was captured by Kutuzov, but ultimately, because of Napoleon's attack on Moscow, had to withdraw the army. W 1864 r., during the reforms carried out by the grand vizier, Midhat Pasha (founder of the Young Turks movement), Ruszczuk has undergone modernization and has become the capital of the Dunajski villa (which included the areas west of the city, all the way to Nis in Yugoslavia). W 1866 r. railway line Ruse-Varna, first in the Ottoman Empire, connected the Danube with the Black Sea. The eclectic architecture of the city center dates from the heyday of construction, which followed the liberation of the city by the Russians from Turkish rule in 1878 r. There were many Polish units in the Russian Danube Army. Two mosques have been preserved in Ruse, 18th century houses, in the center are buildings with Art Nouveau facades.
Adjacent railway and bus stations are located in the southern part of the city. Luggage storage at the railway station is open 24 hours a day.
A kilometer section of ul. Borisowa, separating the stations from Svobody Square, the city center can be overcome on foot or by bus. Among 18 streets adjoining in the square, there is also ul. Aleksandrowska, Ruse shopping promenade, extending from the square in both directions.
Information may be provided by Dunav Tours, the. Pristanistan 22b, side from Aleksandrowska. The Bulgarian Motor Union is located at General Skobelev 45.
Money – Bulbank, Aleksandrowska 11 (working days 8.15-11.30 i 13.00-15.30, under. 8.30-13.30), buys travelers checks up to the total amount 1000 $, charging a fixed fee for the operation in the amount of 7,50 $. There is an ATM in front of the bank.
Post and telecommunications – The telecommunications center is located in the main post office building, on Svobody Square and is open daily from. 7.00-22.00.
Travel agencies – Tickets to Bucharest are sold at Rila ticket offices, Kniażeska 33 (working days 8.00-12.00 i 13.00-18.00, under. 8.00-13.00), and at the train station. At Rila ticket offices, you can only book seats for morning or later afternoon trains.
Most of the museums and facilities for sightseeing in Ruse, is open from 9.00-12.00 i 13.00-18.00, every day except Monday.
In the center of Svobody Square there is the Freedom Monument, made in 1908 r. by the Italian sculptor Arnold Zocchi, author of the statue of Tsar Alexander located in Sofia.
At the end of ul. Petko D. Petkov, from the southern frontage, there is a pantheon decorated with a gilded dome. It was built in 1978 r., 100-year anniversary of independence, in honor of the heroes of the Bulgarian National Revival. Northeast of the pantheon, at the end of ul. Soedinenie stands a monument to the Soviet Army (1949 r.), a w tle, Youth Park stretches on the banks of the Danube.
Along the bank of the Danube (upstream of the river) the street leads to the Riga Hotel, where there is a comfortable observation deck and a promenade. The new Z Panorama (18.00-1.00) on 20. On the first floor there is a great view of the surrounding area. Near the hotel, by the river, on the Pridunawski boulevard 6, houses the Museum "Baba Tbnka”, (closed for renovation). Seven children of Grandma Tonka took part in the uprising against the Turks in 1876 r., and the daughter – Bilana Rajczewo – lived in the present building of the museum.